Pre-thinking: The New Scenario Planning

What would you do if your best customer closed the account and went to your biggest competitor? (And no, jumping off a cliff is not an option!)

Seriously, what would happen if your key suppliers suddenly tripled their prices? How would you respond if a new technology made your current business model obsolete overnight? What if a computer hacker broke through your security system and stole or compromised all your customer data?

As business leaders, we don’t generally like to think about these kinds of worst-case scenarios. And therein lies the problem. We don’t like to think about these things, so we don’t spend much time thinking about them. When an unexpected crisis occurs, we get caught off guard and are forced to react rather than respond with our highest-level thinking.

Of the companies that do plan in advance for unexpected events, many use a process called “scenario planning.” This typically involves gathering data from political, social, economic, and demographic areas, and then using that information to predict the likelihood of future trends or events that might impact that business.

Scenario planning first gained prominence during the 1970’s when companies like GE and Dutch Royal Shell invested a lot of time and resources in the process. Although some Dutch Royal Shell senior executives said the scenarios had minimal impact on the company’s major strategic decisions, scenario planning gained a foothold in the business world, and is currently practiced by many companies.

Given the rapid pace of change in today’s world, we all need to spend some time looking ahead and planning for possible contingencies. But as commonly practiced, scenario planning has some major flaws that limit its effectiveness.

Scenario planning tends to be a lengthy process that sucks up a lot of time and energy. It relies on the outdated premise that the future is at least somewhat predictable. And the typical scenario planning approach is simply too slow and conservative for today’s hyper-paced world. By the time we get through collecting and analyzing data and creating plans to deal with the imagined scenario, the world has changed to the point that our data may already be obsolete.

I recommend a different approach, called “pre-thinking.”

Pre-thinking doesn’t attempt to predict the future or even plan for it. Rather, it describes what is possible and considers how we might respond to those possibilities. A very informal process, pre-thinking doesn’t require think tanks, committees, or formal meetings. And it doesn’t produce lengthy reports or recommendations. It’s simply a matter of pausing from time to time and asking, “What if….?”

For example, what if the economy picks up in the next three to six months? What if it remains flat for another year? What if it declines? Or, what if a new competitor suddenly enters our market in a way that makes our business model obsolete? What if a natural disaster wipes out our production plant?

Pre-thinking should also consider opportunity as well as potential disaster. For example, what if we could find a way to compete online that has never been done in our industry? What if we begin using social media to give our customers more choices than they have ever had? What if we solve our customers’ biggest challenge or address their most frequent complaint?

Whether pondering disaster or opportunity, the point is not so much to come up with definitive answers to these questions, but to visit and stretch our brains by considering different possibilities.

One of the biggest dangers for business leaders is holding on to outdated ideas and assumptions and getting stuck in old ways of thinking. Pre-thinking challenges us to reexamine our ingrained notions about how things work, and opens the door to new and different ways of seeing the world.

Pre-thinking also helps to expose personal and organizational blind spots. It enables us to react quicker and with more confidence to unexpected events when they do occur. It allows us to take advantage of opportunities before others see them. And it helps team members to develop different viewpoints and perspectives.

Best of all, we can engage in pre-thinking any time, anywhere. In the shower. On an airplane. Driving home from work. While eating lunch. Regardless of where it takes place, pre-thinking stretches the mind and gets us exploring things we otherwise wouldn’t explore. The more we can engage our brains in pre-thinking, the better our ability to respond when something does change. And in today’s world, it will change.

The future may be more unpredictable than ever. But that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t ponder it. Fifteen minutes of pre-thinking a day will give us more flexible, nimble minds that are better equipped to lead our organizations through these uncertain times.

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Holly G GreenHolly is the CEO of THE HUMAN FACTOR, Inc. ( and is a highly sought after and acclaimed speaker, business consultant, and author. Her unique approach to creating strategic agility, helping others go slow to go fast, will change your thinking.

Holly G Green




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No Comments

  1. tvannest on March 17, 2012 at 5:15 pm

    Great post, Holly. I caution you and others, however, in concluding that classic scenario planning, in the form you mention (founded by GBN) as too long and too focused on predicting “the” future. Actually, many I know, my clients included, apply a rapid development process that makes scenario planning more responsive in a changing world and it is critically important to know that SP was NEVER intended to lead teams to pick “A” future and plan around that scenario. Correctly applied, SP identifies many possible futures and helps organizations identify and incorporate competencies and knowledge required to address some common themes that characterize a confluence of some futures that are “probable,” not simply “possible.”

    • Mahesh Ramanujam on March 24, 2012 at 3:52 pm

      Hi, how do we learn more about this ? Are you able to share some information and insights to expand my experience.


      • Holly Green on March 25, 2012 at 1:40 pm

        Mahesh- what specifically would you like to learn more about? Scenario planning in general, pre-thinking techniques on a specific project or process… happy to provide anything I can to you. You can reach out to me directly at if you would like.

  2. Johan Burger on March 18, 2012 at 2:18 am

    Good heads up. I agree with tvannest. SP has evolved to become quite fast. Some South African planners have developed a process that can take 1/2 day. But you make an important contribution. Pre-thinking is always important and is a prerequisite for SP. Given volatility in the environment, the trick would be to not stay in Pre-thinking mode!

  3. Holly Green on March 18, 2012 at 7:48 pm

    I do agree with both of you. The intent of scenario planning is really pre-thinking. Unfortunately, like many things, the reality plays out quite differently in conference rooms around the world. So many people still believe there is one right answer and enough data available for use to make it with some level of accuracy. Stretching our brain just by noodling possibilities is so powerful. When we pause long enough to do it, we more than make up for the time spent pausing! Thanks for your comments.

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