Innovation from NPD to NPSD
Most organizations focus on building short-term product innovation engines. However, most products have little sustainable competitive advantage and never generate a profit; those that do are often quickly copied by the competition, negating any long-term advantage. The result: a significant investment in product development, without a commensurate return on investment.
To have a real systematic innovation in products have to decide between Staged vs Spiral Development, in this article I propose to use the product development improving process bringing Innovation from NPD (New Product Development) to NPSD (New Product Spiral Development).
SPIRAL DEVELOPMENT (NPSD)
Many businesses use too rigid and linear a process for product development. The PDMA Handbook explains that smart projects teams and business practice Spiral Development, based on Agile Development, as used in the information technology industry. They build in a series of iterative steps or loops whereby successive versions of the product are shown to the customer to seek feedback and verification.
Spiral Development is a series of Build-Test-Feedback-Revise iterations (their iterative nature leads to the term spiral development) gets the product right with no time wasted.
Spiral Development is the way fast-paced teams handle the dynamic information process with fluid, changing information. Spiral development helps the project team get the product and product definition right, in spite of the fact that some information is fluid and some may even be unreliable when the team moves into the development stages.
Jose A. Briones said in Repeating Disruptive Innovation that spiral development provides the balance of flexibility and control needed for a repeatable and successful approach to disruptive innovation. The Spiral Solution consists of three parts:
- Classifying projects according to the degree of uncertainty
- Adopting a controlled iterative process to discovery
- Using the right analysis tools that correspond to the level of uncertainty at each iteration level
Below the figure for New Product Spiral Development (NPSD) created by Robert G. Cooper:
- Build something: even if it’s only a model or representation of the product.
- Test it: get it in front of the customer or user and gauge interest, linking, preferences and purchase intent, likes and dislikes.
- Get feedback: find out the customer’s reactions firsthand and, most important, what must be fixed or changed.
- Revise: update the product definition based on this feedback, and get set for the next iteration of build-test-feedback-revise.
If your company is using the traditional-linear NPD, Spiral NPD or another tools Vijay Govindarajan remember us that to achieve sustainable growth, companies must better integrate product innovation with business model, process, and service innovation.
images credit: johncopenhaver.com
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Geovanny Romero, is certified NPDP Plant Manager at Renovallanta-ContiLifeCycle, and Managing Director at NPD Strategy in Andean Region. A Member of PDMA International, his main interests are focused in Productivity, New Product Development and Lean In.
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